Tourism is responsible for million jobs, or one in every 12 jobs worldwide. Ensuring that tourism destinations as a whole are both competitive and sustainable, addressing issues of resource management and the relationship between tourism and other economic sectors.
Ashley et al, ; Pro-Poor Tourism Partnership, There has been a substantial diversification of destinations, and many developing countries have seen their tourist arrivals increase significantly. Many tourism jobs are potentially quite accessible to the poor as they require relatively few skills and little investment.
Given an overall aim of increasing the amount of economic and other benefits gained by the poor, the focus should be twofold: Part of this income trickles down to different groups of the society and, if tourism is managed with a strong focus on poverty alleviation, it can directly benefit the poorer groups Tourism in developing countries ppt employment of local people in tourism enterprises, goods and services provided to tourists, or the running of small and community-based enterprises, etc, having positive impacts on reducing poverty levels.
All tourism businesses should be concerned about the impact of their activities on local communities and seek to benefit the poor through their actions. Tourism is a relatively labour intensive sector and is traditionally made up of small and micro enterprises. Focusing the wealth creating power of tourism on people most in need remains an immense task and opportunit.
The main ones include: Planning and development of tourism in destinations should involve a wide range of interests, including participation and representation from poor communities. These strengths can be particularly apparent in rural areas, which may have a comparative advantage for tourism while being at a disadvantage in most other economic sectors.
The potential to develop more tourism and to channel a higher percentage of tourism spending towards the poor may be great in some areas and quite small in others.
These can range from increased awareness of cultural, environmental, and economic issues and values, on both sides, to mutual benefits from improved local investment in infrastructure.
Its linking of consumers to producers. In the absence of insurance cover and social security, the poor can be particularly vulnerable to sudden downswings in demand. Tourism destinations should be managed with poverty alleviation as a central aim that is built into strategies and action plans.
The seasonal nature of demand, which can be very peaked. The income that remains may not end up benefiting the poor, reaching instead the better educated and well-off segments of society.
Tourism places great value on some common features of developing countries, such as warm climate, rich cultural heritage, inspiring landscapes and abundant biodiversity. Its response to particular assets. Attention must be paid to the viability of all projects involving the poor, ensuring access to markets and maximising opportunities for beneficial links with established enterprises.
As so many different activities and inputs make up the tourism product, which has a large and diversified supply chain, spending by tourists can benefit a wide range of sectors such as agriculture, handicrafts, transport and other services.
They should be helped to deliver more benefits to the poor, through employment practices, local linkages and pro-poor tourism activities and products, as well as to be more competitive.It also reviews research on tourism in developing countries.
The second section analyses the empirical data which supplements a broader research project on PPT initiatives. small number of people are involved in the tourism industry in host communities in many developing countries.
Very often, there is a lack of qualified manpower in the locality. Tourism ppt 1. TOURISM 2.
of other businesses that supply the tourism mint-body.comm is important to the economy of both rich and poor countries e.g. tourism in France generated 35 million euros In and 2 million mint-body.com countries tend to be more dependant on income from tourism than richer ones.
(d) Rapid urbanization, especially in developing countries, calls for major changes in the way in which urban development is designed and managed, as well as substantial increases of public and private investments in urban infrastructure.
Tourism is a key foreign exchange earner for 83 percent of developing countries and the leading export earner for one-third of the world’s poorest countries.
3 For the world’s forty poorest countries, tourism is the second-most important source of foreign exchange. 94 Other measures concerning developing countries in the WTO agreements include: • extra timefor developing countries to fulfil their commitments (in many of the WTO agreements) • provisions designed to increase developing countries’ trading opportunities through greater market access (e.g.
in textiles, services, technical barriers to trade).Download