But now, instead of merely convincing the reader to keep reading the rest of the attached paper, an abstract must convince the reader to leave the comfort of an office and go hunt down a copy of the article from a library or worse, obtain one after a long wait through inter-library loan.
It must be scaled down sufficiently to allow the entire abstract to fit into the box, but at the same time it must be detailed enough to judge the validity of the work. Table 4 Open in a separate window Results The results section is the most important part of the abstract and nothing should compromise its range and quality.
In the rest of this paper, issues related to the contents of each section will be examined in turn.
An abstract word limit of to words is common. It is assumed the first author listed will make the oral presentation. Only a dedicated reader will peruse the contents of the paper, and then, most often only the introduction and discussion sections. Criticize, if possible, aspects which are a weak, b inconsistent, c contrary to fact, and thereby distinguish the apparent "fact" and the disclosed fact.
For example, ", people each year die of…" is more interesting than "An important cause of mortality is…" If space permits, provide a concise review of what is known about the problem addressed by the research, what remains unknown, and how your research project fills the knowledge gaps.
Do not deceive yourself.
Chapter 6 discusses abstracts. Abstracts have always served the function of "selling" your work. Do not assume anything when you write. Some journals include additional sections, such as Objectives between Background and Methods and Limitations at the end of the abstract.
What are the implications of your answer? Use the following as a checklist for your next abstract: Why do we care about the problem and the results?Write down secondly the program of your paper, i.e., the outline of your endeavor, in the form of the table of content with considerable elaboration of each and every item in the table!
Of course, you do not have to state this in the paper itself. How to Write an Abstract. Philip Koopman, Carnegie Mellon University October, Abstract. Because on-line search databases typically contain only abstracts, it is vital to write a complete but concise description of your work to entice potential readers into obtaining a copy of the full paper.
HOW TO WRITE AN ABSTRACT: Tips and Samples Leah Carroll, Ph.D., Director, Office of Undergraduate Research An abstract is a short summary of your completed research. An abstract is brief summary of a research article that emphasizes what is new, captures the salient features of the purpose, design, findings, and implications, and contains no.
If you want to find out more about writing a critique or a review of a work, see the UNC Writing Center handout on writing a literature review. If you are unsure which type of abstract you should write, ask your instructor (if the abstract is for a class) or read other abstracts in your field or in the journal where you are submitting your article.
How to Write a Research Abstract.
Office of Undergraduate Research. University of Kentucky; Staiger, David L. “What Today’s Students Need to Know about Writing Abstracts.” International Journal of Business Communication January 3 (): ; Swales, John M.
and Christine B. Feak. Abstracts and the Writing of Abstracts.
Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press,Download