By the end of the 4th millennium BCthis had evolved into a method of keeping accounts, using a round-shaped stylus impressed into soft clay at different angles for recording numbers. With the invention of wood-pulp paperthe cost of writing material began a steady decline.
The hieroglyphic scripts of the Ancient Near East Egyptian, Sumerian proto-Cuneiform and Cretan seamlessly emerge from such symbol systems, so that it is difficult to say at what exact time writing developed from proto-writing.
The earliest inscriptions which are identifiably Maya date to the 3rd century BC, and writing was in continuous use until shortly after the arrival of the Spanish conquistadores in the 16th century AD.
At the same time Arabic and Persian began a slow 3250 bc cuneiform writing alphabet in importance as the Islamic Golden Age ended.
Egyptian hieroglyphs Main article: Chinese writing and Chinese characters In Chinahistorians have found out a lot about the early Chinese dynasties from the written documents left behind. This reed, found chiefly in Lower Egypt, had various economic means for writing, the pith was taken out, and divided by a pointed instrument into the thin pieces of which it is composed; it was then flattened by pressure, and the strips glued together, other strips being placed at right angles to them, so that a roll of any length might be manufactured.
The tablets of the Chaldeans are among the most remarkable of their remains. The revival of literary development in Western Europe led to many innovations in the Latin alphabet and the diversification of the alphabet to codify the phonologies of the various languages.
Another example is the pictographs invented by Uyaquk before the development of the Yugtun syllabary ca. Writing seems to have become more widespread with the invention of papyrus in Egypt.
Egyptian hieroglyphs Writing was very important in maintaining the Egyptian empire, and literacy was concentrated among an educated elite of scribes. The penthe printing pressthe computer and the mobile phone are all technological developments which have altered what is written, and the medium through which the written word is produced.
The penthe printing pressthe computer and the mobile phone are all technological developments which have altered what is written, and the medium through which the written word is produced. From the Shang Dynasty most of this writing has survived on bones or bronze implements bronze script.
The " Slavic runes " from the 7th and 8th centuries AD, mentioned by a few medieval authors, may have been such a system. There have recently been discoveries of tortoise-shell carvings dating back to c. Finally, cuneiform writing became a general purpose writing system for logograms, syllables, and numbers.
It is argued, therefore, that the Egyptian writing system, which is in any case very different from the Mesopotamian, could not have been the result of influence from a less developed system existing at that date in the latter location. Latin, never one of the primary literary languages, rapidly declined in importance except within the Church of Rome.
At the same time Arabic and Persian began a slow decline in importance as the Islamic Golden Age ended. Middle Bronze Age alphabets The first pure alphabets properly, " abjads ", mapping single symbols to single phonemes, but not necessarily each phoneme to a symbol emerged around BC in Ancient Egyptas a representation of language developed by Semitic workers in Egypt, but by then alphabetic principles had a slight possibility of being inculcated into Egyptian hieroglyphs for upwards of a millennium.
It is believed to have evolved into Linear Elamite by the later 3rd millennium, and then replaced by Elamite Cuneiform adopted from Akkadian. With the invention of wood-pulp paperthe cost of writing material began a steady decline. These in turn led to the writing systems used throughout regions ranging from Western Asia to Africa and Europe.
Renaissance and the modern era[ edit ] By the 14th century a rebirth, or renaissancehad emerged in Western Europe, leading to a temporary revival of the importance of Greek, and a slow revival of Latin as a significant literary language.
The pre-Columbian Mesoamerican writing systems including Olmec and Maya scripts are also generally believed to have had independent origins.
These in turn led to the writing systems used throughout regions ranging from Western Asia to Africa and Europe. Early Semitic alphabets Main article:Round-stylus and sharp-stylus writing were gradually replaced around BC by writing using a wedge-shaped stylus (hence the term cuneiform), at first only for logograms, but developed to include phonetic elements by the 29th century BC.
By BC expanding trade networks liked Mediterranean to Persian Gulf and Turkey to Nile Valley Homonym- same sound/diff meaning Rebus writing Syllabary alphabet - pictures represent phonemes (sounds that change meaning) ANTHRO EXAM 4.
3 terms. Ch Final Study. 2 terms. Ch Final Review. 2 terms. Ch Final Study.
. The ancient Egyptians called their picture writing ‘divine word’ because they believed that Thoth, god of wisdom, had given them the knowledge of how to write. Invented in about BC, hieroglyphs were still used in the early centuries AD but Date: Eighteenth Dynasty – about BC This column, shaped like a giant bundle of.
WH 1, 2. Identify differences between various cultural groups (i.e., European, Eurasian, Indian, Southeast Asian, Middle Eastern, African, and Native American).
The Sumerian archaic (pre-cuneiform) writing and the Egyptian hieroglyphs are generally considered the earliest true writing systems, both emerging out of their ancestral proto-literate symbol systems from – BC, with. The history of writing traces the development of expressing language by letters or other marks  One of the earliest forms of written expression is cuneiform.
 Limestone Kish tablet from Sumer with pictographic writing; may.Download